VIsit tstcc.hk for more info on how to keep your body healthy and how to manage it. Type 2 diabetes (also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes) is the most common form of diabetes affecting around 90% of sufferers. It develops when your pancreas no longer produces sufficient insulin (the hormone which helps break blood sugar down for energy) or when your body’s cells become resistant to insulin.
It is not known exactly what triggers type 2 diabetes but development begins when the cells in your body stop responding to insulin. This restricts your ability to convert blood sugar into energy, so the pancreas and liver both respond by releasing extra insulin and glucose. If this happens for a prolonged period, your pancreas’s insulin production capabilities become limited, and your body’s cells start to further resist insulin. This eventually leads to your blood sugar levels becoming excessively high and the onset of type 2 diabetes.
Since type 2 diabetes often develops gradually over time the symptoms are tough to spot. In many cases there are no symptoms at all and even when symptoms do unfold they are typically so mild that the sufferer does not notice them.
The symptoms include;
-Cuts or sores that heal slowly.
– Feelings of drowsiness.
– Greater hunger and thirst levels.
– Soreness in your legs.
Management of Type 2 Diabetes include;
1. Blood sugar testing is something you’ll do every day.
Your doctor will let you know exactly how often you should test. As you get better at keeping your blood sugar level under control, you may not need to check it as often. It’s also important to track your results. There ways to do this.
You can use your smartphone, your glucose log, or write it in a notebook. These records will help you figure out what causes your blood sugar to get too high and help your doctor adjust your plan if needed.
2. You may also need to take insulin injections and oral diabetes medications.
Your doctor will help you decide what you need. If you need insulin injections, you’ll take them every day at regular times. Taking insulin makes it so your body can use the carbohydrates you eat and move the glucose out of your blood. There are also a variety of oral diabetes medications that help treat your diabetes in different ways. You will take these medications every day too.
3. Meal planning is another big part of managing Type 2 diabetes.
You’ll work with a dietitian to choose a meal plan to follow that works for you. For example, if you use the plate method you’ll have guidelines for how much of each food group to include on your plate at each meal and snack. Your meal plan will help you eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein sources, and low-fat dairy – and they’ll help you avoid eating too many simple sugars.
4. Exercising will also help you manage your blood sugar and weight.
Your diabetes care team can help you figure out what types of exercise are safe for you to do and how much you should do. Fitting in some exercise every day is ideal. And although it can take some time to get in shape, after only one session of exercise your blood sugar levels will improve.
Work with your diabetes care team to get the help you need to manage your blood sugar and your weight. This will keep you healthy and prevent the dangerous complications that can develop from having Type 2 diabetes.